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Naira Exchange Rate: Parallel Market’s N1,180/$ vs. NAFEM’s N793.28/$

Naira Depreciation
Naira Exchange Rate: Parallel Market's N1,180/$ vs. NAFEM's N793.28/$

In recent days, the Nigerian Naira has witnessed significant fluctuations in its exchange rate.

On the one hand, the parallel market exchange rate took a hit, with the Naira depreciating to N1,180 per US dollar from N1,170 per dollar just a day earlier.

Conversely, the official Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market (NAFEM) painted a different picture, appreciating to N793.28 per dollar.

Touchaheart Nigeria reports that this apparent disparity between the parallel and official markets has raised questions and concerns about the state of the Naira’s stability.

Understanding the Parallel Market

The parallel market, also known as the black market, has been a significant player in Nigeria’s foreign exchange landscape.

It operates outside the purview of official regulations, making it a reflection of market forces and sentiment.

The Naira’s depreciation in this market can be attributed to various factors, including supply and demand dynamics, speculative trading, and economic uncertainties.

The Official NAFEM Exchange Rate

Contrastingly, the official Nigerian Foreign Exchange Market (NAFEM) showed a strengthening Naira, with the indicative exchange rate rising to N793.28 per dollar.

This development is notable, as it marks a deviation from the trend observed in the parallel market.

However, it’s crucial to remember that NAFEM operates under the guidance of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and is influenced by the bank’s policies and interventions.

Analyzing the Gap

The widening gap between the parallel market and official exchange rates is a concern.

As of the recent data, this gap expanded to N386.72 per dollar, compared to N334.68 per dollar just a day earlier.

Such a significant difference between the two markets may encourage arbitrage and speculative activities.

Increased Trading Volume in NAFEM

One noteworthy aspect is the increased volume of dollars traded in NAFEM. The data shows a 28 percent increase, with $136.11 million traded, up from the $105.98 million traded on the previous day.

This surge in trading activity in the official market hints at robust demand for foreign currency among market participants.

Factors at Play

To understand these fluctuations better, it’s essential to consider various factors that influence exchange rates.

Economic data, government policies, international events, and even global market sentiment can impact how the Naira fares against the US dollar.

The Naira’s value is subject to a delicate balance of these factors, and market participants often react accordingly.

What You Need To Know

The recent depreciation of the Naira to N1,180 per US dollar in the parallel market and its appreciation in the official NAFEM to N793.28 per dollar underscore the complexities and challenges within Nigeria’s foreign exchange market.

While these fluctuations can be concerning, it is crucial for both policymakers and market participants to closely monitor the situation and take necessary measures to ensure exchange rate stability.

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